Charles Frederick, son of John and Elizabeth (née Marsham) Palmer, was born at Newtown, Geelong in 1862. He attended Geelong College from 1878 until 1881. During this time he received many awards in various sporting events. He played for Geelong in the early 1880s.
He married Rosa Anna Hurring. They had the following children, most of whom were born in Geelong:
Charles Myles Jackson — born 1886, died 9 March 1887 at the age of 5 months, buried in the Church of England section of the Geelong Western Cemetery
Una Frances Rosalie — born 1887, married Paige Knight in 1922, died in 1868 in North Geelong at the age of 80
Gladys Iolanthe — born 1889 at Footscray, married Basil Noel Marcus Collins
Charles Noel Algernon — born 1891, married Lily Martha Naunton in 1938, died on 25 April, 1981 at the age of 89, buried in the Presbyterian section of the Geelong Western Cemetery
Laura Beatrice N — born 1893
Vera Grace Dorothy — born about 1895, died in 1959 in Melbourne aged 64
John Clifford Erle — born 1897
Evelyn Unita — born 1899, died 1 August 1991 aged 92, buried in the Church of England section of the Geelong Western Cemetery
John Vernon — born 1901
Sylvia — born 1905
Clive Ronald — born 1907, died on 16 December 1976, buried at Karrakatta Cemetery in WA
Charles was well known in the tannery trade. At the age of 18 years, he started work as a clerk at Brearley brothers' tannery at Marshall. When the tannery closed he took up employment in Footscray with Michaelis Hallenstein & Company where he learned about the tannery trade. He later took over management of the Australian Tannery at Marshalltown. He also managed George Gardiner's tannery which he ultimately purchased in 1912. On 22 July 1926 a tornado caused extensive damage to the establishment. Not long after he sold out to JC King.
He was a South Barwon councillor, serving from 1916 until 1925. He was president for a term in 1922-23.
He died on 17 July 1934 at the age of 74 at his home "Sylvesten", 128 Aphrasia Street, Newtown and was buried in the Church of England section of the Geelong Western Cemetery. He left an estate of £4394 to his wife and children. Rosa died on 16 Jun 1945 at the age of 74 and was buried with him.
You might ask what are these occupations.
A fellmonger is a dealer in fells or sheepskins, who separates the wool from the pelts. He is the person who prepares the skin prior to leather making. The wool was then scoured. A wool scouring factory might have bought fleeces and then scoured the wool.
A tanner is the person who processes the skins to produce leather.
A currier applies the dressing, and colouring to the tanned hide to make it strong, flexible and waterproof.
Boiling down is the process of rendering fat from animal carcasses to produce tallow. Tallow was used for making soap and candles. It brought the price of old animals up considerably and was a boost to the farmer when animal prices were low.
Glue is produced by the boiling of animal connective tissue.
Bone mills produce fertiliser and glue by processing animal bones.
These industries were an important part of Geelong's economy. Hundreds of men were employed at these factories. At first the river was used to wash the skins. Later they were washed in vats. The area probably smelled like the abattoirs and sale yards at Newmarket in Melbourne which I remember well from my childhood. Maybe it was worse.
A number of streets have names that reflect the activities carried on in the area:
Tanner Street, Leather Street, Currier Street and Fellmongers Road in Breakwater
Woolscour Lane and Tannery Road in Marshall
Some of the owners of factories on the south and west side of the Barwon were (from North):
Charles John Dennys, sold to Samuel Bradley Corrigan
Patrick McDonald and Lawrence Webster, later leased by George Kingsbury and George Connor, later became Corrigans
Charles Frederick Palmer
Joseph and Sharp Brearley
from New Zealand newspapers — contributed by Cushla Randle
Joseph married Jane Hillard's sister, Margaret, on 25 March 1852 at St James Cathedral, Melbourne. Their children were:
Joseph Henry "Harry" — born 1853, married Mary Elizabeth Gillot on 20 September 1881, died 29 June 1918 at 5 Crimea Street, St Kilda aged 65
Hannah — married Johann Christian Richard Ohiff on 30 May 1881
Rebecca Elizabeth — born 1857, married William James Joseph Gallagher in 1883
Josephine Louisa — born 1859, married Robert Imray on 1 May 1882
Annie Maria — married Conrad Kollmann on 22 December 1889
Victoria — born 1862, married Ernest Castles on 19 May 1885
Robert George Hillard — born 30 June 1864
Margaret "Maggie"— born 1866 at Hawthorn, died 18 November 1901
John Frederick William — born 1868 at Kew
Edna — married Alan Roberts
Alfred — born 1871, died 29 July 1972 at Clifton House, Studley Park, Kew
Joseph was prominent in local sporting organisations and was elected a member of the Geelong Town Council, serving from 1864 until 1966. During the 1880s he left Geelong and moved with his family to Melbourne where he went into the leather business.
Margaret had a severe stroke on 6 June 1885 and died at her residence in Waltham Street, Richmond the next day, aged 53. She was buried in the Church of England section of the Boroondara Cemetery. Joseph died on 24 May 1911 at Balaclava, his daughter Rebecca Gallagher's home, aged 88. He was buried with his late wife.
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